Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda (X-Linked)

In adults, X-linked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (X-linked SEDT) is characterized by disproportionately short stature with short trunk and arm span significantly greater than height. At birth, affected males are normal in length and have normal body proportions. Affected males exhibit linear growth deficiency beginning around age six to eight years. Final adult height is typically 137-163 cm. Progressive joint and back pain with osteoarthritis ensues; hip, knee, and shoulder joints are commonly involved but to a variable degree. Hip replacement is often required as early as age 40 years. Interphalangeal joints are typically spared. Motor and cognitive milestones are normal.