Occipital Horn Syndrome

Occipital horn syndrome (OHS) is a genetic condition that affects the connective tissue, skeleton, and nervous system. They may include wedge-shaped calcium deposits at the base of the skull (occipital horns), loose skin and joints, and dysfunction of the nerves that regulate nonvoluntary body functions (dysautonomia). Other symptoms may include bladder diverticula, coarse hair, low muscle tone, and mild intellectual disability. This condition is a milder form of Menkes disease, which affects copper levels in the body. OHS is caused by genetic changes (DNA variants) in the ATP7A gene, and it is inherited in an x-linked recessive pattern. It can be diagnosed based on the symptoms, genetic testing, and other blood tests.